Middleton means middle farm and Tyas is a Norman French surname. However, most evidence suggests that the Vikings began to speak English quite quickly, and also stopped writing in runes. Im temporarily staying around here and am fascinated by the place names. This is the kind of work done by the English Place-Name Survey based at the University of Nottingham. Don't worry, we won't spam you. However, most evidence suggests that the Vikings began to speak When the Vikings arrived in a new land they gave their names to places. For a quick and easy guide to the most likely interpretations of all major names in England, please visit the Key to English Place-Names. -ness: nes, meaning cape. -ness: nes, meaning cape. Other place names suggest not just a straightforward Viking settlement, but perhaps the intermingling of Scandinavians and Anglo-Saxons, or the renaming of sites previously held by the English. These are known Photo/Wikimedia Creative Commons license. Jordanthorpe lads Ill tell ye aboot the Tangled Worm, The ancient broken counties of Tyne, Wear and Tees, A human is a bundle of energy gathering protons, neutrons and electrons, Life behind the lens of a North East photographer, The past is a wonderful place to visit but its not a place to permanently stay, From local fun run to the worlds best half marathon, From whisky and flour to an unbeatable music hub, Cyclists Paradise: Keeping fit and enjoying the regions landscapes, Cathedrals Treasures are the Tutankhamun of the North-East, Listed Buildings Heritage in North East England, Review: Hops and hysterics at Wylam Brewery, Ill boo your team, but drink your beer., Three brothers, four starring roles and one proud mum, Its a Chefs Wife : Playing the chain game, Green Party leader presents alternative plans for Durham, Newcastle vets saving lives of Sri Lankan street dogs. ay: ey, meaning island. Can you name vikings place names ending in thorpe. Arbouthorpe Most place-names in England, including the North East of England are usually of Anglo-Saxon origin. Some place-names give clues to the origins of the early settlers who founded the place. Hartlepool : Means Stag Island Pool. What are the names of the 5 oceans of the world? Just as intriguing,Gateshead across the Tyne lies at the head of the road or way dating back to Roman times and perhaps earlier. Netherthorpe. Language has also become part of the debate. This word even exists in English in the word by-law, which means local law of the town. In England Viking place names are of course most common in the area known as the Danelaw, the areas where Danish law applied in Northern and Eastern England, the shires of Yorkshire, Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, Stamford, Lincoln and Essex. There are countless places in Iceland with the suffix nes. Let us know! Have you had an experience related to the contents of this article? The place-names ending in by were often a farm or village at the centre of an estate. "thorp." how long is it to go from England to kieder, two examples of different geographical features from a river, Using links between historical, environmental and social economic reasons. Rivers, becks, burns and linns : Whats in a (North East) Place-Name? Woodthorpe There are a large number of Scandinavian words in English connected with farming or boats, such as the keel of a boat, which indicate the importance of farming and sailing. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Most English placenames with both thorpe and Viking connections Those of Old Norse origin are to be found in Northumberland, County Durham, Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, and Suffolk. The original Anglo-Saxon coastal homelands stretched from Frisia and the Netherlands up to the present day border of Germany and Denmark. Join our weekly hand curated newsletter to have all the latest news from Iceland sent to you. Llyndon - stronghold (dun) by the lake or stream (llyn) (Welsh). please help! There are countless places in Iceland with the suffix nes. Place names ending in -by, such as Selby, Grimsby, Derby or Whitby are places that the Vikings first settled. You are politely asked 'Please slow, For part I of this post CLICK HERE Peoples, languages and cultures Thorfast's new improved comb. Promise! The Viking word for settlement is 'by' so place names ending in 'by' like Selby indicate a place where the Vikings settled . Woodthorpe Many of these wouldnt seem at all out of place in North Yorkshire. -torp: orp meaning village. So what can farmers grow or farm in desert like conditions in Mali?? The first element is the specific which denotes a particular settlement of that kind. Burh - Anglo-Saxon defended settlement. Header image:Mi D 529 (c) University of Nottingham Manuscripts and Special Collections, used with permission, Traders, raiders, and artists? Ashington: Ing usually means a kinship or tribal group and ton usually means an enclosed settlement. The Vikings did not leave as large an imprint on the landscape of France or even Normandy, where their influence was greatest. The suffix gate from gata, which means street or road. It's not safe to assume all place names ending in "-thorpe" have sker: sker, meaning skerry. Things like exam techniques and revision techniques will be sooo helpful. Especially if you are searching for a place name in Iceland. Im really into place-names for fun but with a quest for true knowledge about the place-names as part of our regions history. In other cases Viking place names can be identified by the use of a Norse suffix, like thorpe which means village or -by, which can both mean village or town, as in Grimsby, which simply means the town or farm of Grmur. The Wiske is a tributary of the Swale and has an Anglo-Saxon name that means damp meadow. I havent seen it anywhere else. Read about our approach to external linking. North East place-names and their origins. -kirk: kirkja, meaning church. need to know so i can include it in my essay for school! Each name will also be given in one or more runic alphabets, and will be linked to appropriate place-names where relevant. Thanks . And, next time you're in a Thorpe, a Howe, a Kirkby, or even in Grunty Fen (our favourite place name), think of the Vikings who've left an indelible mark . Place Names Regions where Vikings settled can be recognised by the place names: for example, names ending in -by (village), -thorpe (farm), -keld (a well), and -thwaite (a piece of land).Most place names in the Shetland and Orkney islands off Scotland come from Old Norse, the language of the Vikings. strom: straum, meaning stream. Please can I have some help in revising Geography. it cant be boring! Its from the Old English (Anglo-Saxon) hlaw meaning hill. Those of Anglo-Saxon origin are to be found in southern England from Worcestershire to Surrey. Warkworth: Wark comes from weorc an earthwork or castle and worth means an enclosed settlement. Grimesthorpe English quite quickly, and also stopped writing in runes. Other common Scandinavian place names are those ending in -thorpe (meaning 'a new village'), as in Scunthorpe (meaning 'Skuma's village'), or -thwaite (meaning 'a meadow', 'a piece of land'), as in Lothwaite ('clearing on a hill'). In the eastern part of Ireland, several towns and natural areas bear names also bear witness to the strong Viking presence in the 9th and early 10th centuries. Site and content developed and designed by David Simpson David Simpson 1991-2022. dale: dal, meaning valley. How to find French place names with Norse origins? need to know this for my geography homework, not really sure as we have just started this topic, The platform that connects tutors and students. Roman. Looking for a tutor to help me with an argumentative essay on climate change. Zoom Level: Latitude: Longitude: 6: . In modern Icelandic we have the word tft, which is used for the visible ruins of a farm structure, but is also known as a homestead name. Most of the Viking trading posts or colonies have long since disappeared, disappearing into the mists of time or swallowed up by the surrounding culture. The experts will have knowledge of how these languages evolved and changed over time and in the case of Old English and Old Norse, how they fused together along with the later Norman French to form the basis of the English language as we know it today. There are 155 place names ending in -thorpe in Yorkshire. Typical Old Norse generics recognisable in the modern forms of the names are-by, denoting a farm or settlement, and-thorpe, denoting an outlying settlement of some type. But it also exists as a place name on its own. Derby - Names ending with "by" are usually places where Vikings first settled. Grimston is sifmply the town of Grmur. They also spread east, along the Baltic and up the rivers of Russia, making it all the way to Constantinople. The Angles and Saxons were a Germanic people closely related to the later Vikings. Many place-names (mostly ending in -by, such as Selby) are from Old Norse in origin. All of these are found as parts of place names in Iceland as well. Norsemen were active throughout Europe in the 9th century. on the traditional Anglo-Saxon sites. Sailing from their original homeland in Scandinavia the Vikings colonized the islands of the North Atlantic, including Iceland, and settled along the coasts of Western- and Northern Europe, reaching as far as Greenland and even the shores of North America. A good way to tell them apart from the others is to look at Is the level of activity less than that at a conservative margin since the plates are moving less rapidly or is there actually more activity due to the extreme pressure? Wikimedia under a creative commons license. Do you want to know more about this subject? Viking place names end in -by as in Thornaby, and -thorpe as in Pinchinthorpe. Viking but Germanic (Angle, Saxon etc). Other le places that would otherwise have potentially confusing similar names are Houghton-le-Spring, Houghton-le-Side, Haughton-le-Skerne, Hetton-le-Hill, Hetton-le-Hole and in North Yorkshire we have Hutton-le-Hole. So there are lots of names that are thorpe but most likely not Le-Pool was added by the Normans to distinguish it from the nearby village of Hart. -by or -bie: town, farm or settlement. Note that this is by no means a complete list. lax: lax, meaning salmon. Viking Words hus = house holm = islet; dry place in a marshy area orm = Serpent or Dragon To help you find these Viking footprints on the map we prepared this guide. are Lincolnshire and Yorkshire. vat: vatn, meaning lake. WHAT IS THE CLIMATE LIKE IN THE AMAZONRAINFOREST AND WHY IS IT LIKE THIS? Students could study the location and landscape of these places and discuss why the Vikings may have chosen these places to settle. Ive always been fascinated by place-name origins. This word even exists in English in the word by-law, which means local law of the town. Thorp is a Middle English word for a hamlet or small village. Scunthorpe is a town in Lincolnshire, England. Viking place-names Some place-names give clues to the origins of the early settlers who founded the place. For example, places ending in '-thorpe' were often small Viking settlements, '-thwaite' meant settlements carved out of woodlands and '-by' meant settlement. This term may refer to the brandishing of weapons as a sign of assent at a legal assembly. -londe: lund meaning clearing, look for Icelandic place names lundur, as in Bjarkarlundur. The New Castle of Newcastle dates to Norman times, the first castle being built by William the Conquerors eldest son Robert Curthose in 1080 on the site of a Roman fort. The ending of the name in thorpe meaning new village in Norse, show it was a Viking settlement. : i need help on goegraphy homework on micro climates could you give examples of some in schools. For example, places ending in '-thorpe' were often small Viking settlements, '-thwaite' meant settlements carved out of woodlands and '-by' meant settlement. Arbourthorpe In England Viking place names are of course most common in the area known as the Danelaw, the areas where Danish law applied in Northern and Eastern England, the shires of Yorkshire, Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, Stamford, Lincoln and Essex. My young family and i have recently moved to South Shields, from the West Midlands, and i am constantly exploring/learning about our new area. The Viking contribution to the language we speak today is astonishing. Did you know that Thorpe was a place name given by the Vikings for a a settlement or a farm? The Street The name ending "beck" denotes a small water course. : Grimesthorpe Arbouthorpe Owlthorpe Hackenthorpe Waterthorpe Arbourthorpe Jordanthorpe Woodthorpe Netherthorpe CG 10 January 2022 These are the most common suffixes of Norse origin found in Normandy: -tot: tft meaning farm. Another suffix is thorpe, with 155 place names ending in thorpe in Yorkshire alone. She did, however, create a helpful pronunciation guide. Your email address will not be published. Place names as a mixture of Anglo-Saxon and Viking words. But we can find Viking traces in place names outside these areas as well. In truth I think that everyday names can be just as interesting. Please send us a line at [email protected]. The villages of Wark on Tyne and Wark on Tweed were both sites for castles built on earthworks. North Atlantic Islands, the Danelaw and Normandy Place names as a mixture of Anglo-Saxon and Viking words. In Old Danish a by was a Viking farm or village and even today a quick scan of a map of Denmark and youll find dozens and dozens of little villages with names like Norby, Kaerby, Staby, Balleby, Foldby, Karlby, Draby, Voldby, Rakkeby and Mejby. would be very appreciated! However, a place called Spjtahlmaflaga in about the same place. The -thorpe names are connected with secondary settlement, where the settlements were on the margins or on poor lands. Place names as a mixture of Anglo-Saxon and Viking words. strom: straum, meaning stream. The Vikings gave names to places Place names with Viking roots are most dense close to the shore in Normandy, and become more spares as we move inland, with the exception of the banks of the river Seine. Another suffix is -thorpe, with 155 place names ending in -thorpe in Yorkshire alone. There were three main areas where Vikings lived - Northumbria (which included modern-day Yorkshire), East Anglia, and the Five Boroughs. Thanks for a very informative article no the North Easts place names. In Gunthorpe, Nottinghamshire, for example, the first element is the female name Gunnhildr. -hogue: haug meaning small hill or mound. York was a major centre for traders and craftsmen in Viking times. Thorps often appear in roleplaying games as the smallest form of permanent habitation. . Many Viking place-names contain personal names as their first element. -toft: tft, meaning farm. Netherthorpe, Sheffield has many districts with a Thorpe suffix, though I suspect some are modern, in the fashion of Viking place names. . The old internet filter darling of Scunthorpe Sheffield has many districts with a Thorpe suffix, though I suspect some are modern, in the fashion of Viking place names. Let me count the ways, A taste of the Deep South in South Shields, Happy Halloween : Tales of Witches, Warlocks, Mummies and Severed Heads, Mary Ann Cotton : Victorian serial-killer, Presidents, Prime Ministers, people of power (and their links to North East England). Viking influences were most often there. Most of the place names beginning with sk-, for example, show Old Norse linguistic influence. For example, Scotton Thorpe in the old West Riding in Yorkshire would have referred to a place that was near Scotton. Outside of the Faeroe Islands and Iceland the most thorough Viking settlements in the North Atlantic were in the Orkneys and Setland Islands, the Isle of Man. However the earliest spelling in old records is Aescen-denu and this is an Anglo-Saxon place-name that means valley (a dene or denu) overgrown with ash trees. Sound familiar? These place names usually refer to where farms once existed, but . Common suffixes of Viking origin in England include: -thorpe: orp, meaning village. Other place name elements you are likely to encounter in Iceland as well as in the British Isles: ayre: eyri, meaning a gravelly or sandy river, lake or ocean bank Look for Icelandic place names ending in -haugur or beginning with Haug-. Unlike other le place-names it doesnt use hyphens but it could easily have been called Hart-le-Pool. would naturally be named using Viking words. -by or -bie: town, farm or settlement. Scunthorpe is a town in Lincolnshire, England. Scunthorpe and Grimethorpe -thorpe meant farms. You have to go back to the earliest known recorded spelling from perhaps a thousand years ago or more and work back from there. -keld:kelda, meaning spring. Two particularly common examples in East Ireland are the suffixes holm, hlm which translates as small island or hill, and -firth suffix, derived from fjr, which means fjord. wick: vk, meaning bay. Looking for a tutor to help me with dissertation based on cycling in the transport planning field. Look for Icelandic place names ending in -haugur or beginning with Haug-. Waterthorpe An interesting group of names in Nottinghamshire are where a Scandinavian personal name is combined with the English generic-ton(one of the most common place-name generics across England, which also refers to a settlement). Many Viking place-names contain personal names as their first element. ay: ey, meaning island. Using place names, then, historians and linguists are able to determine the spread of Viking settlements, finding that the further north one goes, the more obvious is the Scandinavian influence. The Vikings did not leave as large an imprint on the landscape of France or even Normandy, where their influence was greatest. 'Thorp' was another suffix added to place names by the Scandinavians, and meant 'secondary village' or a village of less importance than another close by. Other place name elements you are likely to encounter in Iceland as well as in the British Isles: ayre: eyri, meaning a gravelly or sandy river, lake or ocean bank The Tyas family are known to have held land elsewhere in Yorkshire but as far as I am aware their specific connection with Middleton Tyas is now known. 'Using place names, then, historians and linguists are able to determine the spread of Viking settlements '. Why do we protect some areas from flooding but not others? Egilsay simply means Egils Island. Another particularly common is the suffix -londe with 269 places ending with the -londe or -lont suffix from the Norse word lund, which translates as clearing. Snaefell The highest mountain of the Isle of Man, at 620 m (2,034 ft)above sea level. gerdi: geri, meaning enclosed area. Not particularly common in Iceland, but is known as a farm name. -torp: orp meaning village. Im an amateur enthusiast when it comes to place-names to be honest. Vikings Please help to demonstrate the notability of the topic by citing. Grimsby, much as it is today, was likely to be a place of trade and fishing. lunn: lund, meaning grove. Before thelfriths time it was known by the Celtic name Din Guayroi. Place names with Viking roots are most dense close to the shore in Normandy, and become more spares as we move inland, with the exception of the banks of the river Seine. Fierce raiders, depicted on the Lindisfarne Stone. These are sometimes wholly in Old Norse, and sometimes they are in a mixture of Old Norse and Old English, suggesting interaction between the incomers and the locals. The easiest and quickest approach is to look for the place names ending in by, meaning town or farm. There are at least 589 places in Normandy which end with suffix tot. Hackenthorpe Grimston is sifmply the town of Grmur. Bamburgh: From Bebbas Burgh, a burgh or fortified place named from a Northumbrian queen called Bebba who was the wife of King thelfrith. lax: lax, meaning salmon. Students could carry out research into Viking place names and investigate these places in modern Britain. Another factor is that few large Viking settlements were on entirely new sites: many Viking settlements continued on the traditional Anglo-Saxon sites. There are literally thousands of place names in England, of Viking origin, and hundreds in Western Europe. Torp was the Viking equivalent of similar Germanic words and had Snaefell The highest mountain of the Isle of Man, at 620 m (2,034 ft)above sea level. Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199571123.001.0001/m_en_gb0860380, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thorp&oldid=1052387864, Articles with topics of unclear notability from March 2020, All articles with topics of unclear notability, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 28 October 2021, at 21:54. Other places have a Norse prefix, like Grimston. dale: dal, meaning valley. become part of the English language, such as 'husband', 'knife' or 'window'. Viking place names are understandably more common in the areas where Viking settlement and influences were most dense and Viking influences were strongest. There are 210 by place names in Yorkshire alone. or boats, such as the 'keel' of a boat, which indicate the importance of farming Finding these place names isnt that hard if you know what you are looking for. Unfortunately, Gunnhildr is a rarity and these do not include many female names. Ton or tun to give the old spelling was, incidentally originally pronounced toon and is at the root of our modern word town. Street names also reveal what happened there, for example, in a street named 'whip-ma-whop-ma-gate', people were punished by being whipped. A good knowledge of local dialect, local history and local topography is also very useful to the scholar of place-names. Can someone please explain more on this? Place names with Norse roots in the British Isles number in the hundreds. Another factor is that few large DAVID SIMPSON explores the sometimes surprising meanings of place-names in the North East region. clett: klett, meaning rock or cliffs. Historical boundary of Normandy Place names with Norse roots are most common near the coast and along the river Seine. gerdi: geri, meaning enclosed area. Anglo-Saxon place names end in -ham, -ing, -stowe, -stead, - and -ton. This suggests that they came to settle as well as to raid and fight. The Jorvik Cityscape We can still see evidence of Viking Age York in the names of streets and places in the modern city. North Atlantic Islands, the Danelaw and Normandy Please send us a line at [email protected]. Place names ending in -thorpe seem to indicate lands that the. Promise! Geoff. How to find English place names of Norse origin? Sailing from their original homeland in Scandinavia the Vikings colonized the islands of the North Atlantic, including Iceland, and settled along the coasts of Western- and Northern Europe, reaching as far as Greenland and even the shores of North America.